Various factors can cause anorectal disorders, which are a widespread reason to ask doctors for advice.
WHAT THEY ARE
Anorectal disorders are conditions that affect the anus and the rectum area.
They include benign conditions such as hemorrhoids to more serious conditions such as anorectal cancer.
They are neuromuscular and functional disorders, often associated with constipation and faecal incontinence,
and structural disorders.
The most common anorectal disorders are:
· anal fissures,
· fecal incontinence,
· proctalgia fugax,
· excessive perineal descent,
· anal itching,
· rhagades and abscesses.
WHICH ARE THE MAIN CAUSES?
Anorectal diseases can be caused by body structure, diet, lifestyle and bacteria present in the waste produced by the body. But also, pregnant women are very prone to hemorrhoidal discomfort.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON SYMPTOMS?
· Pain sensation
· Bleeding after bowel movements, with or without pain
· Itching and burning
· Difficulties in staying seated
· Bad quality of life
WHAT ANORECTAL DISORDERS HAVE IN COMMON
Most of anorectal disorders are mainly characterized by mucosal damage and impairment in microcirculation.
Treatments of anorectal disorders are absolutely various. The choice of the treatment depends on many factors: type of disorders, age of patient, aetiology, level of pain, presence of infections and concomitant pathologies.
According to the evaluation of aetiology, there are different therapeutical approaches: